About 2 million people in the U.S. suffer from antibiotic resistant infections each year and 23,000 die due to the condition. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Cystitis. Cholera 4. Salmonellosis. Bacteria and viruses are different types of pathogens, organisms that can cause disease. Some studies have shown probiotics can shorten the duration of infectious diarrhea. For example, runny nose, cough, headache, and fatigue can occur with the common cold (virus) and with a sinus infection (bacteria). The symptoms of a bacterial or viral infection depend on the area of the body that is affected. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Probiotics seem to reduce gas, bloating, and abdominal pain associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). For example, plants need bacteria in the soil in order to grow. Bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can range in severity from mild (albeit annoying) to life-threatening. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Bacterial Meningitis. chickenpox. Cystitis. Other types of bacterial infections include the following: Antibiotics are medications that fight bacterial infections. Antibiotics don't treat viruses, but they're sometimes prescribed in viral illnesses to help prevent a "secondary bacterial infection." Other types of fungi can infect your lungs or nervous system. Common bacterial infections of the skin and deep tissue, which are often caused by Staphylococcus or Streptococcus, include: Impetigo, which affects the top layer of skin (the epidermis). Here presented the list of diseases caused by bacteria and viruses in humans Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese. Otherwise, they can't survive. infectious mononucleosis ( mono) herpes simplex virus (HSV) human papillomavirus (HPV) Also known as whooping cough, pertussis is a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. A virus is micro organism, it is usually very difficult to kill. In most cases of this illness treatment is done at home with bland foods and plenty of fluids. Unsanitary food preparation and handling can also encourage bacterial growth. Bacteria are microscopic, single-cell organisms that live almost everywhere. Raw meat, fish, eggs, poultry, and unpasteurized dairy products may harbor harmful bacteria that can cause illness. A virus is micro organism, it is usually very difficult to kill. Experts estimate that there are at least 1 nonillion bacteria on Earth. ", National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Foodborne Illnesses. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Hepatitis A (Hep A) CDC FAQ's More … Serious bacterial infection anywhere in the body can potentially spread to the bloodstream -- a condition known as septicemia -- and infect other body tissues. Secondary infections occur when someone is in a weakened or compromised state due to an existing illness. The word "bacteria" has a negative connotation, but bacteria actually perform many vital functions for organisms and in the environment. Gonococcal Infection (Gonorrhea) CDC FAQ's Data. A bacterial infection is a proliferation of a harmful strain of bacteria on or inside the body. A nonillion is a … But infectious bacteria can make you ill. Many skin diseases, such as ringworm and athlete's foot, are caused by fungi. Viruses. Viral hemorrhagic fevers, such as Ebola virus disease and Lassa fever,… Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Most deaths due to antibiotic resistant infections occur in hospitalized patients and those who are in nursing homes. ", NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. Both types of bacteria are capable of causing different infections to humans. Drug Name. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms, also known as prokaryotes. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis. A bacterial infection can also spread throughout the blood, causing a condition described as sepsis. Most human infections in world today are either caused by viruses or bacteria. List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. ", Alberts, B., et al: "Molecular Biology of the Cell. 69. ", The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: "Probiotics for Treating Acute Infectious Diarrhea. Bacteria. Common symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal cramping, bloating, gas and sometimes vomiting. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Bacterial Vaginosis – CDC Fact Sheet. The CDC estimates 14,000 deaths alone are due to Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infections that occur because of antibiotic suppression of other bacteria allow C. difficile to proliferate. Bacteria may also be classified as gram-positive or gram-negative. Beneficial bacteria live in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract and play an important role in digestion and immunity. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:"Get Smart - Know When Antibiotics Work, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Salmonella. Meningitis. You can experience generalized symptoms, such as fevers, chills, and fatigue as a result of a bacterial infection anywhere in the body. So, preventing measures should be taken in order to prevent such infections. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 03:04. Overuse and misuse of antibiotics has led to a rise in antibiotic resistance. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Gastrointestinal infection is quite common and isn't usually serious. The Black Plague Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) CDC. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Intestinal bacterial infections are most often caused by one of several possible bacteria. 10. Instead, treatment usually focuses on managing symptoms and supporting … Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. It is more common in children than adults and is highly contagious. Fungi. norovirus. 4. Pertussis 6. It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. Bloodborne disease, any of a group of diseases caused by pathogens such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in and spread through contact with blood. polio. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Ear Infections. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, Epstein–Barr virus infectious mononucleosis, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, Trichophyton interdigitale/mentagrophytes, Template:Tick and mite-borne diseases and infestations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_infectious_diseases&oldid=985288538, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, unknown; evidence supports that it is infectious, (New) Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (vCJD, nvCJD). Leprosy 5. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. measles. ". Infectious diseases can be caused by: 1. Jul. Gonorrhoea 9. ", Cochrane Summaries: "The Use of Probiotics to Prevent C. Difficile Diarrhea Associated with Antibiotic Use. Bacterial Infections. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. Infectious disease, in medicine, a process caused by an agent, often a type of microorganism, that impairs a person’s health. Bacterial infections are one cause of foodborne illness. Cholera 4. Here we provide you the list of top 10 most dangerous bacterial infections, read this article and know about these diseases. Bacteria live on and inside plants, animals, and people. Diphtheria 3. 3. Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. ", Todar’s Online Textbook of Bacteriology: "The Normal Bacterial Flora of Humans. Bacteria come in three basic shapes: rod-shaped (bacilli), spherical (cocci), or helical (spirilla). This will cause tingling of muscles and even leads to lock-jaw and patients can soon die of suffocation if not promptly treated. This bacterial diseases list bacterium can also get transferred from infected animals to other animal products. 2008: "Respiratory Tract Infections -- Antibiotic Prescribing. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Die due to Gram negative bacteria ; 50 % due to an existing illness plants, animals, urinary! Infections are extremely dangerous and can not attest to the condition or topical antibiotics depending on the location of body... Generally bacteria are small single celled organisms & are amongst the most life... Of Systematic Reviews: `` common bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can range in from... Symptoms but can still cause serious damage to the condition 25 October 2020, 03:04... 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