No person, however, enjoys that kind of power over God. Grace is “God’s unmerited favor toward humanity and especially his people, realized through the covenant and fulfilled through Jesus Christ” (Myers, 437). Romans 4. Abraham Justified by Faith. We need Christ’s perfect righteousness credited to our account. Paul’s understanding of grace flies in the face of conventional Jewish theology, which sees faithful observance of Torah law as analogous to a faithful employee’s service (Moo, 263). Rather, justification is by faith alone, apart from works, from start to finish (Calvin’s Commentaries [Baker], 1:408-409). 2 Therefore whoever resists the authorities resists what God has appointed, and those who resist will incur judgment. Romans 4 presents evidence drawn from the Law of Moses, Genesis ‒ Deuteronomy, for the doctrine of justification by grace through faith. The New Perspective on Paul also argues that the Reformers misinterpreted Paul regarding this doctrine. For g in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, practice the very same things. 3:21-31. Surely, there must be a copier’s error in the text! ), which the WEB has updated. This is summarized in Rom. He brings up Abraham because the Jews revered him as the father of their nation and their faith. 3 For what does the Scripture say? He regarded himself as called to both his master’s side and to the promulgation of the good news—news inextricably bound up with the death, resurrection, and exaltation of his Lord and God’s richest blessing upon sinful, erring human beings. 4-5). “for where there is no law, neither is there disobedience“ (Greek: parabasis—transgression) (v. 15b). He also refers to Genesis 17:5, where God promised that Abraham would be the father of many nations (4:17), and concludes that descent from Abraham includes all “of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all” (4:16). 6:23), eternal separation from the holy God. Paul’s point is that Gentiles were spiritually dead, but the God who gives life to the dead has breathed life even into the Gentiles. If it were, verse 5 would be saying the opposite of what Paul is arguing! For him to say that Abraham is “the father of us all” is quite radical. Just as God created a people of God out of Abraham’s physical descendants who had become slaves in Egypt, so also God also created a people of God out of lowly Gentiles. after the Spirit. 4 What then shall we say was gained by Abraham, t our forefather according to the flesh? 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not toward God. In verse 10, Paul states, "We shall be saved by His life." Create. “For the law works wrath“ (v. 15a). You do not understand His grace. This privilege of an immediate transformation will belong to the believers who shall be alive at … That’s unthinkable!”. The Catholic Church launched the counter-Reformation and published The Canons and Decrees of Trent in large part to attack justification by faith alone (see my “Justification by Faith Alone,” Aug. 11, 1996, on fcfonline.org). I have heard that men that hate the doctrines of the cross bring it as a charge against God, that He saves wicked men and receives to Himself the vilest of the vile. But to the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness” (4:4-5). Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 1:1-7 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 1:1-7. 3 For what does the Scripture say? But when you compare humans to God, Abraham is just a bug along with everyone else. Faith does not merit God’s favor, or grace would not be undeserved. The Book of Romans tells how God can save the whole person: body, soul and spirit. Do these two stories grate on your soul? 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